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The prostate gland is part of the male reproductive system located just below the bladder and above the muscle of the pelvic floor. Lying just below the bladder and above the pelvic floor, it does three main functions. It produces one part of the semen, the fluid that lubricates the male organ. The semen later forms part of the sperm on meeting with the sperm from the testicles and other fluids from seminal vesicle. This secretion forms an important part of the sperm cell functions.

Vagina usually has acidic concentrations ranging between 3.8 to 4.5 PH. Lactic acid is produced in the vagina to offer protection against harmful organisms and germs. This environment is relatively harsh for the male organ. To neutralize this acidic environment, prostate gland secretes an alkaline fluid containing 70% or more of semen into the vagina during intercourse. The vagina acts as a passageway for the egg, deposited sperm and the fertilized egg. All these occur in the vagina which means it must have a unique composition. This is why the vaginal environment has acidic concentration. Conversely, the male organ operates in an alkaline environment. That is because too much acid can burn the shaft of a male organ. To avoid that, the prostate gland releases a base fluid to help neutralize the vaginal fluid.

When ejaculation occurs, there is the likelihood of the sperm, instead of pushing outwards and into the vagina, to enter the bladder through the duct joining the two organs. To prevent it, the bladder’s sphincter muscle and prostate gland push against the urethra. In the same way, another set of muscles known as central zone muscles close the prostate ducts to prevent urine from entering into the prostate glands. As you age, the prostate gland goes through two main growth stages. The first phase starts at puberty and continues until age 25 after which phase two sets in.

The second phase continues for most of a man’s life. During the second phase, the organ may experience enlargement which may result in Benign Prostatic hyperplasia. Prostate enlargement may cause your bladder to fail to empty urine. If left untreated, you may lose your ability to empty which can be fatal. Such retention, inability to empty and urethral narrowing causes Benign Prostate Hyperplasia. The cause is not well-known bur there is a relationship with the reduction in the release of testosterone. It is important to monitor how your prostate is performing and seek medical attention whenever you suspect anything strange with your emptying process.

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